Diagnose diabetes at the right time

Diabetes is a chronic disease, and if left untreated, can become life threatening. Diabetes symptoms are subtle and may appear harmless in the beginning. Many times people don’t even realize that they are suffering from diabetes, and that is why it gets diagnosed very late, by when, it has already progressed to an advanced stage.


There are many sure-shot symptoms of diabetes. When you experience any one or all of the below mentioned symptoms, it is advisable to get your blood sugar level checked. Consult a diabetologist as early as possible anddiagnose the disease to arrest it in the early stages itself. The most common symptoms of diabetes are:

  • Frequent urination: When a person is suffering from diabetes, the body is not able to break down the glucose in the blood. As a result, the person ends up urinating frequently to get rid of the excessive glucose in the body. This is one of the most exact way of realizing that one has diabetes.
  • Weight loss: When a person is suffering from diabetes, his body loses the capacity to retain glucose. As a result, the cells cannot receive proper nutrition for their growth. That is the reason why a diabetic person loses weight at a rapid speed. If one has been losing weight without any changes in the lifestyle, it is better to consult a diabetology doctor.
  • Fatigue: Getting tired with even minimal physical work is one of the signs of diabetes. The cells of a diabetic person are unable to proper nutrition and that is why a diabetic person gets tired easily.
  • Dehydration: This is a result of frequent urination, which leaves the diabetic person thirsty. This may also lead to dehydration.

Treat Diabetes the right way

Diabetology is a branch of endocrinology. It is the medical science dedicated to the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diabetes mellitus. Until today, there is no cure for diabetes. However, a Diabetologist can control this disease from advancing with proper medication. Diabetes can lead to other health problems like kidney failure, heart diseases, and even blindness.

Consulting a diabetology doctor is important to treat diabetes the right way. Mumbai and Navi Mumbai offers a lot of option in terms of good diabetologists. From planning a proper diet to regulating the intake on insulin, Diabetologist in Mumbai can guide you for treating diabetes correctly. Even diabetologist in Navi Mumbai are professional and skilled for treating all sorts of diabetic disorders.

Is Upper Abdomen Pain a serious health issue?

Although most of the abdominal pain are not serious or fatal, but severe abdominal pain that manifest suddenly is a warning sign of some serious underlying health problem. Some of the common symptoms that occurs along with upper abdomen pain include

  • Back pain
  • Constipation
  • Chest pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Difficulty in breathing

To treat upper abdomen pain, the underlying cause if treated. Some problems can be treated by medications, but if the disease or illness is chronic, surgery is performed by the general surgery doctors to treat the underlying cause of upper abdomen pain.

Causes of upper abdomen pain

Ulcerative colitis - It is an inflammatory bowel disease, which develops the symptoms like diarrhea, chronic inflammation of the gut and abdominal pain. Ulcerative colitis usually occurs in innermost lining of the large intestine (colon), which results in continuous stretch of inflamed tissue. It can adversely affect the health of a patient and his quality of life. The disease can further develop some life-threatening complications.  Medications and surgery is performed by the general surgery doctors to treat the ulcerative colitis.

Heart attack - An upper abdomen pain can be caused due to heart attack. When the heart muscles contracts or are obstructed that supply blood to heart, it results in heart attack. Insufficient blood flow affects the heart and patient can die due to lack of oxygen. The coronary artery disease is due to accumulation of fatty and fibrous substances in heart muscles. It is the main cause of heart attack.

Peptic ulcers - It can cause upper abdominal pain, along with back pain. Peptic ulcers are the sores that originated in the inner lining of the stomach and small intestine. Common symptoms of peptic ulcers include loss of appetite, weight loss, vomiting, nausea and bloating.

If you experience any of symptoms along with abdominal pain, consult the doctor. If medication fails to treat the causes of upper lower abdomen pain, surgery is performed by the general surgeons.

World Osteoporosis Day

Osteoporosis makes your bones so weak and thin that bones can get fractured even with mild stress. The disease is spreading its root in every corner of the world, affecting millions of people. Osteoporosis is a silent attacker, which has no signs and symptoms. Fractures related to osteoporosis usually occur in the hip spine and wrist.

World Osteoporosis Day is an attempt to cut the roots of osteoporosis. The campaigns are organised by the International Osteoporosis Foundation in more than 90 countries to aware the people about preventions for the osteoporosis. Through campaign, information is provided about the risk factors of osteoporosis so that people can’t work on then to win a battle against osteoporosis.

Complications of osteoporosis

Several severe complications can develop due to osteoporosis. As the disease progresses the condition of the bones worsen over time and make them weak and thin. Bones become so weak that fractures occurs in bone when you fall. The bone fractures particularly occur in the hip or spine. The hip fracture is so serious that it can result in disability and even cause death from postoperative complications. This condition is more likely to affect the older adults.

You will be surprised to know that spine fractures related to osteoporosis can occur even f you haven’t fallen. Due to osteoporosis, the bones of spine weaken to an extent that they may crumble, which may cause back pain, lost height and a hunched forward posture.

Purpose of World Osteoporosis Day

World Osteoporosis Day is an effort to eradicate the osteoporosis. Through campaigns, it urges the people to intake more of Calcium and Vitamin D and to involve more in exercises. Not only this, the campaign also aware the people about the risk factors of osteoporosis like smoking and drinking alcohol, so that people can take precautions accordingly.

IOF has always laid emphasis on intake of sufficient calcium and vitamin D to make the bones strong. Another way to increase bone density is to feed your body with vitamin K and vitamin B. Leafy green vegetables, cereals, and breads are good sources of these vitamins.

Give your strength by consuming the foods rich in vitamins B, vitamin K, calcium and proteins.

Some Common queries for Mental Illness

A common man would define mental illness as a condition where a person is mad. But it is not madness; it is a condition where a person is not able to conduct himself properly. He is not able to think, perceive and behave as per the set societal norms. Let us start with some queries which all of us have about mental illness.

  • What is a mental illness?
  • Is mental illness a disease?
  • Is mental illness only schizophrenia or include other illness as well?
  • What are major disorders and minor disorders?
  • Since mental illness is the illness of brain, then why it is called mental illness and not brain illness?
  • Is mental illness completely curable or controllable?
  • How we could recognize mental illness?
  • Is mentally ill person a threat for the society?
  • Do mentally ill person need to be hospitalised?
  • Is there any treatment available for mental illness?

As already mentioned above that mental illness is not a disease rather a condition where the normal functioning of the brain in is impaired and the person is not able to carry out his daily activities normally. Also mental illness is not only Schizophrenia rather there are various mental disorders like mood disorder, sleep disorder, anxiety disorder, phobias etc.

One thing which every one of us understand that mental illness is not completely curable but yes with proper medication and various self help therapies as guided by the psychiatrist or psychologist we could definitely control it. There is no cure for mental illness present by birth but if you have fallen prey to mental illness due to some kind of pressure or tragedy then it could be cured. It is not necessary that others recognize the signs of mental illness rather in many cases the people themselves could make out that there is some problem. When the normal routine seems to be disturbed regularly understand that something is going wrong.

It is not necessary that people suffering from mental illness need necessary hospitalization. In some severe cases it might be required but if the family and the caregiver is understanding, proper care could be given even at home.

This year 2012, 10th Oct would be celebrated as World Mental Health Day. If we go by the statistics produced by the WHO 2001 report, about 450 million people suffer from mental and behavorial disorders.

Here one thing needs to be mentioned very clearly that mental illness is threat for India. Why?

Because India boasts of 50% youthful population and mental illness is an illness of youth and poor.

The same report has given the rate of prevalence of mental illness in children and adolescents in India as 12.8%.

Seeing this alarming increase, the govt. of India has plunged in to action and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has constituted a Policy group at the national level to work on Policy, Program and Planning for Mental Health in India. People suffering with mental illness are not to be called mad. In fact some new terminologies have been introduced. Let us have a look at these terminologies.

Carers – Family and Professional carer who look after caring for the patient

Users - those people or patients who are undergoing treatment using medical health services

CMD - Common Mental Disorders

SMD - Severe Mental Disorders

PwMI – Persons with Mental Illness

PDs - Person with Disabilities

PDOs - Persons with disabilities Organizations

So do not look down upon the people suffering from mental illness or call them mad. Understand their condition and help them cope with it.

Celebrate World Heart Day in its truest sense

Come the last Sunday of Sept 2012 and world over we would be celebrating World Heart Day. The reason to celebrate the heart day arose because the number of people which die is ever increasing. Could you believe that every year around 17.3 million people lose the battle of life due to cardiovascular diseases. So it was all the more necessary that people should be made aware about the importance of keeping the heart in good health.

What all is done to make people aware?

There are many voluntary organisations which collaborate with the govt. agencies and various hospitals to celebrate and promote awareness on World Heart Day. Various activities like fun runs, concerts, and sporting events are organised world over. Also organised are heart health check ups, fitness sessions, public talks, exhibitions. World Health Organisation (WHO) – the health coordinating authority of UN leads from the front in promoting such activities.

The various risk factors associated with heart include : high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, smoking, obesity, physical inactivity and high glucose levels. World Heart Federation is one organisation which is the leading partner of WHO and is working round the clock to bring down the increasing death rate.

There is one very big myth associated with cardiovascular disease is that it does not affect women and children and only older people are vulnerable. Children are particularly at high risk since they have little or no control over the environment they are living in. Also the diet plays an important part in preventing from heart disease. And as far as women are concerned, let us tell you that half of the 17.3 million deaths occurring worldwide due to heart disease are reported in women.

A word of advice from medecure is that whenever you come across pamphlets, leaflets, and brochures which aim to spread heart awareness do not throw them away. Take time out and glance through the content. It would definitely help you. Sometime we throw such informational pieces as we ourselves are not suffering from any heart complications. But this does not mean that you would never suffer from such problem. As said, prevention is better than cure, so such information would help you in taking timely action.

Some tips for travellers to prevent Rabies Infection

Many people love travelling to various places, explore new things and experience life in true sense. I think they might be inspired with St. Augustine quote, “The world is a book and those who do not travel read only one page”. But sometimes this really adventurous hobby might prove life threatening. Rabies as we all know is 100% preventable through timely vaccination but still around 55000 people and animals lose the battle for life due to rabies.

Here are some queries which the travellers make before visiting any country :

  • Where would I get information regarding an epidemic break out in the country they are visiting : visit the embassy office of the country and get all the details of any epidemic occurred in the country or continent you are planning to travel
  • Where would I get a list of the vaccination required before visiting any country : The embassy office or even the govt. portal of the required country would give you appropriate information? Like for going to Africa one should have been vaccinated for yellow fever.
  • Where would I be vaccinated for rabies : there are specialist travel clinics which are registered with the government where you could get the shot for rabies.
  • What would be the cost : you need to undergo vaccination for three weeks where you would be given three doses per week. The cost ranges from Rs.25-Rs.75 per dose.
  • What if you do not have time to undertake a three week course : The doctor would advise you that if it is a short trip, you could go with the last minute vaccination but if the trip is long, you start taking the vaccination and the remaining one could be administered in the visiting country.
  • How could I get infected : rabies affects almost all mammals but dogs have a higher chance of transmitting the infection
  • What to do if I am bitten : there is no need to be scared if you have undergone prior rabies vaccination. All you need is to take booster dose which includes undergoing a rapid vaccine course and an injection of rabies immune globulin.

So it is better to act on time and protect yourself from rabies. Medecure supports the initiatives taken by the govt. to fight the menace of rabies. It calls upon all the people travelling abroad to get the vaccination done timely. Travel the world with a smile and without a disease.

Reduce passing of gas by knowing its causes

Gas is a common problem of digestive system, which is eliminated by burping or passing through the rectum. It is a natural by-product of the digestive process and primarily contains odourless vapours of carbon dioxide nitrogen, oxygen, hydrogen, and sometimes also methane. Although having gas if normal, but if you are passing too many times a day, consult the gastroenterology doctors.

Symptoms of gas

The common symptom of gas in digestive system include -

  • Voluntary or involuntary passing of gas (belches or flatus)
  • Knotted feeling in abdomen
  • Sharp, cramps or jabbing pain in abdomen
  • Bloating (tightness and swelling) in abdomen

Gas passing usually occurs at least ten times a day. According to gastroenterology doctors (a digestive system specialist), number increases if you are on hunger.  Passing gas can be the cause of embarrassment sometimes. It is a natural phenomenon, which cannot be eliminated completely; however few steps and precautions can be taken to reduce it if know the causes of gas.

Causes of gas

When bacteria in colon ferment carbohydrates that are not digested in small intestine, gas is formed. Fibre food helps in keeping the digestive tract in good condition and improves its functioning. In addition, it helps to maintain and regulate cholesterol levels and sugar level. But some high-fibre foods can also cause gas such as

  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Whole grains
  • Legumes (beans and peas)

Consult the gastroenterology physician if you are passing too much gas due to high-fibre foods. Carbohydrate beverages such as fizzy drinks, beer and soda also play an important role in causing gas.

Excess of gas is also caused due to other reasons such as

Swallowed air – We always swallow gas when we eat and drink. We inhale gas when we eat too fast and use straw to drink something. Gas is also swallowed when we are too nervous, chewing the gum and suck candies.

Medical conditions – Certain serious health problems like inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, or diverticulitis also causes excess of gas. Do not ignore if you are passing excessive gas, consult the gastroenterology physician.

Medications – In some cases, certain antibiotics also results in excess of gas.

Food intolerance - Excess gas is formed mainly after having dairy products because sugar in dairy foods is not breakable by the body.

Passing gas is normal if you pass not more 15 times. Ask a doctor, who is digestive system specialist, if you experiencing excessive of gas. Sometimes passing too much gas is a warning sign of some serious health problem. Therefore, do not ignore the problem and consult the gastroenterology doctors to diagnose the exact cause of excess gas formation.

Why people commit Suicide?

Increasing stress in our day to day life has increased the tendencies for committing suicides worldwide. As per WHO reports, Suicide is the 13th leading cause of deaths worldwide. To reduce such event, every year World Health Organisation in collaboration with the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) celebrates World Suicide Prevention day on 10th September. There is an increasing need to organise and celebrate such events as the statistics of people committing suicide is alarming.

The statistics of the year 2011 reveal that every day around 3000 people commit suicide or a death every 40 seconds. This number is indeed shocking!!! This year 2012 is being celebrated with the theme, ”Suicide Prevention across the globe: Strengthening Protective Factors and Instilling Hope”. With the collective efforts of local citizen organisations, WHO and IASP efforts are made to bring down the suicide figures and reduce the suicidal tendencies.

Let us understand what suicide is and what the main causes behind committing suicide are.

Suicide is an act done intentionally to end one’s own life”.

Causes of Suicides:

  • Depression : the most common reason why people commit suicide. When a sense of hopelessness exists and there seems no ending to the suffering. When the thoughts that the World requires you no more would overpower and you feel a strong desire to end your life.
  • Psychotic Disorder : when you suffer from certain psychotic disorders like Schizophrenia, your suicidal tendency might increase.
  • Impulsiveness : drug abuse, excessive consumption of alcohol might aggravate the impulsive behaviour and you just act frantically. Those who have survived just attacks have felt ashamed once they cool of.
  • Some one in need of help but not able to get it : Such people do not want to die but they want to let the world know that something is wrong with them and they are seeking some solution. They think that by attempting to suicide people would listen to them. Though one might survive but the medical complications which arise after the incident ruin their future life. For e.g. if a person consumes rat kill poison but he survives due to timely medical intervention might face a failed liver or some other life long illness.
  • Philosophical desire to commit suicide : some people when get a feeling that their suffering (prolonged illness) has no end, they develop a theory that they are bothering the people around them and so they should end their lives. Or the pain through which they are going through becomes unbearable and so they want to shorten up their suffering by committing suicide.
  • Realising that they have made some mistakes : mostly young people suffer from a phenomena whereby they feel guilty after having doing something.

Suicidal tendencies when strike; it is very necessary that you overcome such feelings as early as possible. It could be possible through timely medical intervention and support and love of family, friends and colleagues. Realize that God has given us life to live and not to end it abruptly. Face the challenges, clear the obstacles and admire the beauty of the LIFE.

General Practitioners – initial contact for a Patient

Everybody visits the general practitioners (also known as family physicians) at some point in their lives. Often the patient prefers to refer the family doctor before going to a specialist. Getting treatment from them is cost effective for many health conditions and ailments.

Some general practitioners are also known as family doctors specialized in treating range of different medical conditions and issues. Apart from treating medical illnesses and ailments they also educate the people for preventive measures and measures to lead a healthy life.

General practitioners are not specialized in treating specific organ system or disease; they are the family doctors who provide general comprehensive care. The family physicians usually attend the patients suffering from ailments or health conditions as a first point of contact. In case, general practitioner is unable to treat the patient’s disease, he refers the patient to a specialist.

Types of general practitioners

There are two types of general practitioners – M.D.s (Doctors of Medicine) and D.O.s (Doctors of Osteopathic Medicine). Both types of doctors examine the patents and prescribe medicines, but a D.O. is specialized in treating the problems related to musculoskeletal system and prescribing preventive medicine.

Treatments by general practitioners

General practitioners give the treatment for wide variety of illnesses and diseases and serve as the initial contact for a patient. These family physicians are trained in treating sinus and respiratory infection, treat broken bones or scrapes or any other disease or injury which is not severe. When the injury or disease becomes serious, they often refer patients to specialists to get the specialized treatment. They visit the patient’s home if necessary.

The family physicians have an extensive knowledge of medical conditions and hence able to understand a problem and accordingly decide appropriate course of action. General practitioners know how and when to intervene, through treatment, preventive measures and motivate patients and families for maintaining good health.

A good general practitioner has the following qualities –

  • Ability to care about patients and their families
  • Committed to provide high quality care
  • Well aware about own limitations
  • Ability to seek help when appropriate
  • Commitment to keeping up to date and improving quality of ones own performance
Relief from menopause symptoms with Hormone Therapy

Hormone therapy is performed to ease the bothersome symptoms of menopause. During the treatment one or more female hormones like progestin, estrogen and sometimes testosterone are used to treat the symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes, mood swings, decreased sexual desire, and sleep disorders.

Benefits of hormone therapy
Hormone therapy helps to get relief from –

  • Hot flashes
  • Night sweats
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Anxiety
  • Sleep difficulty

Woman who experience an early menopause and don’t take estrogen therapy until age 45 are at higher risk of health issues such as

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Osteoporosis
  • Parkinsonism
  • Sexual function concerns
  • Depression
  • Anxiety

Apart from the above health issue, if the early menopause condition is left untreated, it can be fatal and cause early death.

Are you candidate of hormone therapy?
Endocrinology doctors does not recommend the hormone therapy to a woman with current or past history of ovarian cancer, breast cancer, endometrial cancer, stroke, liver disease or blood clots in legs or lungs.

Who should consider hormone therapy?
Hormone therapy performed by the endocrinology doctors is very effective in treating the menopausal symptoms. Consider for hormone therapy if you –

  • Experience moderate to severe hot flashes and other symptoms of menopause
  • Have early menopause (stopped having periods before age 40).
  • Have lost normal function of ovaries before age 40
  • Have lost bone mass and cannot tolerate or not much benefitted from other treatments.

Get relief from menopause symptoms by consulting the endocrinology doctors. Hormone therapy is the most effective treatment to ease bothersome symptoms of menopause and stay healthy. There are few risks of hormone therapy therefore, ask a doctor for the strategies to reduce the risks.